- 1 What device ignites the fuel-air mixture in an internal combustion engine?
- 2 What is the name of the parts that allow air and fuel into the cylinders and exhaust out of the cylinders?
- 3 What ignites the fuel in a diesel engine?
- 4 What is spark ignition and compression ignition?
- 5 How many complete crankshaft revolutions does it take to complete the 4 stroke cycle?
- 6 What is the ratio of air fuel mixture?
- 7 What are the 3 main engine systems?
- 8 What parts are attached to the engine front end?
- 9 What keeps oil from leaking past a rotating camshaft?
- 10 At what pressure does diesel ignite?
- 11 Why do diesel engines knock?
- 12 Is a diesel engine 2 or 4 stroke?
- 13 What is the difference between ignition and combustion?
- 14 How can you tell the difference between a 2 stroke and a 4 stroke?
- 15 Who found the working principle of compression ignition engine in 1982?
What device ignites the fuel-air mixture in an internal combustion engine?
A spark from a spark plug ignites the fuel – air mixture, causing it to burn explosively within the confined space of the closed cylinder.
What is the name of the parts that allow air and fuel into the cylinders and exhaust out of the cylinders?
Engine Operation Intake valves are opened to allow the flow of an air / fuel mixture into the engine’s cylinders prior to compression and ignition, while exhaust valves open to permit the expulsion of exhaust gases from the combustion process after ignition has occurred.
What ignites the fuel in a diesel engine?
A gasoline engine takes a mixture of gas and air, compresses it, and ignites the mixture with a spark. A diesel engine takes air, compresses it, and then injects fuel into the compressed air. The heat of the compressed air ignites the fuel spontaneously.
What is spark ignition and compression ignition?
Spark Ignition: Usually a petrol engine, where the combustion process of the air-fuel mixture is ignited by a spark from a spark plug compression ignition: Generally the Diesel Engines, where the combustion process is caused by the elevated temperature of the air in the cylinder due to the mechanical compression.
How many complete crankshaft revolutions does it take to complete the 4 stroke cycle?
In the case of a four – stroke cycle engine, the engine requires four strokes of the piston (intake, compression, power,and exhaust) to complete one full cycle. Therefore, it requires two rotations of the crankshaft,or 720 of crankshaft rotation (360 x 2) to complete revolution.
What is the ratio of air fuel mixture?
The stoichiometric mixture for a gasoline engine is the ideal ratio of air to fuel that burns all fuel with no excess air. For gasoline fuel, the stoichiometric air – fuel mixture is about 14.7:1 i.e. for every one gram of fuel, 14.7 grams of air are required.
What are the 3 main engine systems?
Main Engine Systems
- Lubricating Oil System.
- Main Bearing Oil System.
- Crosshead Bearing Oil System.
- Cylinder Lubrication System.
- Cooling Water System.
- Cooling Water System Description.
- Fuel Oil System.
- Circulation System.
What parts are attached to the engine front end?
Terms in this set (24)
- Front End Engine. consists of the parts that attach to the front of the engine.
- Harmonic Vibration.
- Vibration Damper – Harmonic Balancer.
- Inertia and Rubber ring.
- Dual-Mass Harmonic Balancer.
- Crankshaft Pulley.
- Camshaft Drive.
- Timing Gears.
What keeps oil from leaking past a rotating camshaft?
Valve seals prevent oil from entering the combustion chambers through the valve guides. They can be a simple ‘O’ ring or an ‘umbrella’ type seal as illustrated. The valve seals fit over the valve stems and keep oil from entering through the clearance between the stem and guides.
At what pressure does diesel ignite?
Diesel engines have no spark plugs to ignite the fuel. In the cylinder, the pressure is so great the temperature is very high. The pressure is so great (16:1 or 234 psi) that the temperature becomes high enough to ignite the fuel without a spark plug.
Why do diesel engines knock?
Answer: The clatter results from the combustion of diesel fuel inside the engine. In a diesel, the fuel is ignited by high pressure and temperature inside the cylinder, rather than by a spark plug. The clatter is the result of fuel not burning as evenly as in a gasoline engine, creating a knock.
Is a diesel engine 2 or 4 stroke?
Diesel combustion. The diesel engine is an intermittent-combustion piston-cylinder device. It operates on either a two- stroke or four- stroke cycle (see figure); however, unlike the spark-ignition gasoline engine, the diesel engine induces only air into the combustion chamber on its intake stroke.
What is the difference between ignition and combustion?
Ignition means to burn. ignition by friction is a basic and old technique to make fire. Combustion. Combustion is a chemical process in which heat is produced and used in some chemical process.
How can you tell the difference between a 2 stroke and a 4 stroke?
In a 2 – stroke engine, all five functions of the cycle are completed in only two strokes of the piston (or one revolution of the crankshaft). In a 4 – stroke engine, the five functions require four strokes of the piston (or two revolutions of the crankshaft).
Who found the working principle of compression ignition engine in 1982?
6. Who found the working principle of compression ignition engine in 1982? Explanation: Rudolf Diesel invented working principle of compression ignition engine.